The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) is preparing to launch Chandrayaan-3, its third lunar exploration mission. Similar to Chandrayaan-2, it will include a lander and a rover but not an orbiter. To analyze the spectral and polarimetric measurements of Earth from the lunar orbit, it contains a Spectro-polarimetry of Habitable Planet Earth (SHAPE) payload in its propulsion module. The name Vikram is a tribute to Vikram Sarabhai, the pioneer of India’s space program.
Chandrayaan-3: Streaming information live
Today, July 14, at 2.35 p.m., the Indian Space Research Organization will launch the Chandrayaan-3 from the Sriharikota spaceport. The launch of Chandrayaan-3 will be broadcast live on ISRO’s official YouTube account. Below is a link to the same, which has been attached. If everything goes according to plan, Vikram (lander) will land on the Moon on August 23 or 24 from either the GSLV-Mk3 or LVM3 spacecraft. With a successful launch, India would join the United States, China, and the erstwhile Soviet Union as the only other nations to accomplish the feat.
Isro Chairman S Somanath stated, “If the launch occurs on that day [July 14], we would be at the Moon by the end of August. As we want the landing to occur when the Sun rises on the Moon so we have 14–15 [Earth] days to work, it will take place on August 23 or 24. In the event that these two dates cannot be met, we will wait an additional month and land in September.
Chandrayaan-3’s mission goals are as follows:
- To show Safe and Soft Landing on the Surface of the Moon
- To showcase roving lunar rover technology
- to carry out in-situ scientific research.
Notably, Chandrayaan-3 is a historic mission for India because it will be the first attempt to gently land a lander and rover on the lunar surface twice by a nation. The expedition will aid India in gaining greater expertise in lunar exploration, which is another important aspect of the endeavour.
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